Ⅱ. 기술 개요
Ⅲ. 기술 동향
A neuromorphic hardware that mimics biological perceptions and has a path toward human-level artificial intelligence (AI) was developed. In contrast with software-based AI using a conventional Von Neumann computer architecture, neuromorphic hardware-based AI has a power-efficient operation with simultaneous memorization and calculation, which is the operation method of the human brain. For an ideal neuromorphic device similar to the human brain, many technical huddles should be overcome; for example, new materials and structures for the synapses and neurons, an ultra-high density integration process, and neuromorphic modeling should be developed, and a better biological understanding of learning, memory, and cognition of the brain should be achieved. In this paper, studies attempting to overcome the limitations of next-generation neuromorphic hardware technologies are reviewed.